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Uveitis

Uveitis is an inflammatory problem in the tissues within the eye. This means inflammation deeper to the surface. 

Depending on the type of uveitis, it may or may not have symptoms. Most patients are symptomatic, and complain of various combinations of discomfort and/or visual problems, developing over days to several months.

Symptoms of discomfort usually develop rapidly and include photophobia (eye pain when exposed to light), pain in the eye, tenderness to touch, and pain when moving the eye or attempting to “focus in”.

Visual symptoms may include foggy or blurry vision, floaters (moving black spots), or distortion of shapes. Visual symptoms may develop at the onset of uveitis or may take several months to be noticed.

 

Types of Uveitis 

 

Iritis or anterior uveitis 

Inflammation of the front compartment of the eye, namely the iris and ciliary body. This is usually characterised by the presence of inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber of the eye. These cells are visible to the ophthalmologist examining a patient through a slit lamp (the microscope used to examine patients’ eyes)

 

Posterior uveitis 

Inflammation in the back part of the eye, namely in the vitreous gel, the retina and/or the choroid. Depending on the exact part of the posterior part of the eye involved, other terms used may include retinitis, choroiditis, pars planitis, intermediate uveitis, retinal vasculitis.

Pan uveitis

This is a term used to describe inflammation of both the front and the back parts of the eyes, including the optic nerve in some cases.

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